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WW I > TYPICAL WORDS

Last Post:

It was originally a bugle call used in British Army camps to signal the end of the day. Nowadays the Last Post is especially used by military ceremonies and funerals. Since 1928 the Last Post has been played every evening at 8 pm at the Menin Gate, to commemorate the killed soldiers during the First World War. The only exception to this was during the four years of the German occupation of Ypres during the second World War, then the ceremony moved to Brookwood Cemetery in England.

Casus belli:

A well-known Latin expression in the military history with the meaning “The cause of the war”. The immediate cause of the First World War was the assassination on the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife.

Trench:

A type of excavation in the ground that protects soldier from enemy offenses. However the trenches are especially known because of the large-scale use during the First World War, they are used by soldiers for ages.

Mustard gas = Yperite:

It is a liquid that works strong-irritating if it comes in contact with the skin or when the vapour is inhaled. A high dose can even cause blindness and deafness. Mustard gas was first used effectively in the First World War by the German army against British soldiers. The name Yperite comes from its usage by the German army near the city of Ypres.

John McRae:

It was a Canadian poet, physician, author, artist and soldier during the First World War and a surgeon during the battle of Ypres. He is best known for writing the famous war memorial poem “In Flanders Fields”. McRae died at the age of 45 because of a pneumonia and meningitis.

Commonwealth of nations:

It is an intergovernmental organisation of fifty-three independent member states with the British queen Elizabeth II as a symbolic leader. Most of them were formerly parts of the British Empire.

Commonwealth War Graves Commission:

It is a joint governmental organisation responsible for marking and maintaining the war graves of members of the Commonwealth of Nations.

Poppy = papaver:

It is a flower that grows in churned up grounds, because the seeds only germinate if they are exposed to light. It is the most international spread symbol for the during the First World War killed allied soldiers at the Yser. The poppies survived the violence and now they are the silent evidences of the cruel war.

Allies of the First World War = Entente Powers:

The countries that were at war with the Central Powers during World War I. The main allies were Russia, France, the United Kingdom, Belgium, Italy and the United States.

Central Powers:

The countries (Germany, Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria) that were in war with the Entente Powers during the First World War.